Canadian Energy 101

Biomass


(Picture Credit: Sean Tudor)
  • Bioenergy is the second largest form of renewable energy in Canada, with a total electricity generating capacity of 1,700 megawatts in 2012
  • Canada has a growing fuel ethanol industry, producing about 1,400 million litres per year

Coal


(Picture Credit: Andorapro)
  • Canada’s coal reserves amount to close to 10 billion tonnes, capable of producing more energy than all other fossil fuel reserves combined
  • Canada produced close to 67 million tonnes of coal in 2012. 31 million tonnes was metallurgical (steel-making) coal and 36 million tonnes was thermal coal, used to generate electricity

Geothermal


(Picture Credit: Janet Patterson)
  • While Canada has no large scale geothermal plants, in 2010 there were over 95,000 ground-source heat pumps representing about 1,045 megawatts of thermal energy

Hydro


(Picture Credit: Ontario Power Generation)
  • Canada is the 3th largest hydroelectric producer in the world, representing 12% of global production
  • Canada boasts one of the most renewable electrical grids in the world due to the fact that 60% of our electricity is generated through hydro

Natural Gas


(Picture Credit: Suncor Energy Inc)
  • Canada’s natural gas production is 3rd in the world
  • More than half of Canadian homes are heated by natural gas furnaces

Nuclear


(Picture Credit: Ontario Power Generation)
  • Canada has the highest grade uranium reserves in the world (located in Saskatchewan)
  • Bruce Power is the world’s largest nuclear facility, generating approximately 6300 megawatts of energy, and providing almost 30% of Ontario’s electricity

Oil


(Picture Credit: Fisheries and Oceans Canada)
  • Canada has the 3rd largest oil reserves globally, 98% of which are located in oil sands deposits
  • 94% of all Canadian transportation energy comes from petroleum

Solar


(Picture Credit: First Solar)
  • In 2011, Canadian solar installed capacity reached 495 megawatts

Tidal


(Picture Credit: Nova Scotia Power)
  • Canada is one of only six countries that produces electricity from tidal power
  • The Annapolis station in Nova Scotia is the 3rd largest station in the world, with an installed capacity of 20 megawatts

Wind


(Picture Credit: Matt Dobson)
  • As of 2014, Canada had over 150 wind farms with a generating capacity of 8517MW
  • In 2014, wind energy supplied about 3% of Canadian electrical demand

Essential Energy: Part II

Energy is critically important to us and our society, but how do we produce, harness and store our power?

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Essential Energy: Part I

Humanity’s quest for fire has increased in intensity. We have dammed rivers, flooded arable land and cut lumber to feed our energy appetite. Today we burn billions of tons of coal, oil, and natural gas, all the while emitting greenhouse gases.

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